Five Basic Principles of Landscape Design
There are a few basic principles of landscape design that you should follow when planning your landscape. For example, you must understand the location of your home and the prevailing climate, as this will determine how to position the plants. If the site is sloped or has a hill, you should conduct a site analysis to understand its natural characteristics and determine which plants will best fit there. Once you know these factors, you can proceed with planning your landscape.
Use color in the right way to create the illusion of distance. Grey, fine-textured plants can create a strong contrast against a fall-red maple leaf. An effective way to achieve this is to use a tapering design, in which different elements taper or rise. Creating a sense of distance is an important design principle in any landscape, and a tapering landscape design will give the impression of a larger area. It’s important to remember that natural water doesn’t come from the highest point of land, so always consider a lower-lying source when planning a landscape.
Plants are important building blocks for any landscape design. They provide unique properties to direct foot traffic, moderate the environment around your home, and stimulate other senses. They should be used in concert with one another to emphasize the best features of your home and property. Plants come in many forms, including woody shrubs, vines, and trees. Each of these different plant types adds texture, color, and form to your landscaping design. And if you’re working with a small backyard, choose plants that don’t overwhelm the space.
The fourth design principle is balance. A symmetrical balance creates a sense of stability, while an asymmetrical balance gives the illusion of movement. Trees and mass plantings help achieve asymmetrical balance, and tend to suggest movement. You’ll want to use a bubble diagram to lay out your landscape space. If you’re not confident drawing this out, you can try tracing paper to sketch out ideas for general use areas.
Adding a walkway to your front yard can enhance the aesthetics of your home. Choose a path wide enough for two people to walk comfortably. Make sure to make the walk easy to use, with slight curves for interest. It’s also important to consider a walk that is aesthetically pleasing, while not obstructing the view of your front door. Also, avoid placing walkways in the middle of your front yard. If you’re unsure what type of walk to include, hire a landscape designer to help you plan your outdoor space.
When hiring a landscape designer, it’s important to choose someone who understands both the technical aspects of landscaping and the aesthetics of plants. Oftentimes, the aesthetic qualities of a landscape designer may be different from that of the homeowner, but most of them strive to please the homeowner by choosing plants and styles that fit their lifestyle. A professional designer can provide you with a comprehensive plan and keep your budget in mind. You’ll also be able to avoid some common mistakes and avoid costly mistakes.